Ashure (Noah's Pudding) is thought to be the oldest dessert in the world, first made by Noah after his fabled landfall at Mt Ararat. It is a delightful mix of dried fruit, nuts, grains and beans (yes, beans!) made in Turkey and all over the Middle East. Give it a try - you'll be glad you did!
The night before, place barley in a large pot (7 1/2 - 8 quart) with 2 quarts + 1 cup of water. Bring to a boil, then reduce heat and simmer for 15 minutes, covered. Turn off heat, and let sit overnight.
Add the rest of the ingredients to the pot.
Fill pot with 2 quarts of water. Water should come to about 1 inch below the rim.
Bring to a boil, reduce heat and simmer, covered, for one hour.
Remove from heat, fill bowls and cool, or transfer to a large storage container to cool.
Refrigerate and serve cold. Top with chopped walnuts, pine nuts and pomegranate seeds, if desired.